idden down a narrow street in historic Kingston, New York, this 17th century stone Dutch Colonial is thought to be among the oldest.
In taking the measurements for the new white oak windows, we found the old window frames still in the home and in different states of disrepair. As expected the openings were all out of square and out of plumb. Some of the windows were surrounded with expandable foam caulking to fill gaps where there was rotten wood and where stones had fallen out of the walls. Many of the frames had been patched and re-patched with tin can lids nailed over holes to keep mice and squirrels out. The interior extension jambs were collapsing from the stones above.
We used the sash size and the dimensions of the frame parts, surrounding the sash, to determine the size of the original window frames. The existing frames were original although the sash had been replaced in the mid-1800s, judging from the construction and the type of glass. We reproduced the frames with 4-inch x 6-inch white oak, constructed with mortise and tenon joinery pegged at the corners. The sides of the frames were rabbeted to make tracks for the sash. The new 12-over-12 sash, also reproduced with mortise and tenon joinery, glued and pegged, closely match the original profiles of when the house was built in the 1600s. The sash were glazed with Restoration Glass® from S.A. Bendheim Co. in Germany. The hand-blown glass features some period distortion, seeds, and air bubbles.
Lastly, we also fitted the windows with clinch-nailed, hand-planed board and batten exterior shutters, hung with wrought iron hinges made by a local blacksmith.